The others were sent to. However, the majority of responsible commanders vanished during and after the war, before being held legally accountable for their crimes. Actions were started on a similar scale in other. Archived from on June 7, 2007.
The interned were held in a number of prisons, including the infamous where they were subject to brutal interrogations by Nazi officials. Operacja niemieckiej policji bezpieczeństwa w Polsce. According to many historians, including , the action against Polish leaders was coordinated with the authorities of the , who at the same time perpetrated the at and other places. . The active persecution of Polish intellectuals was continued until the end of the war. In the spring and summer of 1940, more than 30,000 Poles were arrested by the Nazi authorities in.
About 7,000 of them including community leaders, professors, teachers and priests labeled as suspected of criminal activities were subsequently massacred secretly at various locations including at near. Most of the killings were arranged in a form of from multiple cities and towns upon the German arrival. After time spent in the prisons of Warsaw, Kraków, , , , , Lublin or , the arrested Poles were transferred to , most notably to the newly created camp of , as well as and. Die Intelligenzaktion: Die Vernichtung Der Polnischen Oberschicht Im Gau Danzig-Westpreusen,. A picture taken from a nearby house by the of the dislodging condemned victims from the Polish intelligentsia at the near in 1940 Also known as : Außerordentliche Befriedungsaktion Location , and similar locations Date Spring - summer 1940 Incident type with Perpetrators , Participants Organizations , , , Victims 7,000 and leaders Documentation and Memorials Murder site, and deportation points Notes Lethal phase of the.
Thousands more perished in the , in German concentration camps, and in ghettos. It was also discussed with the Soviet officials during a series of secretive. The first killings of Polish intelligentsia took place soon after the , lasting from autumn 1939 until spring 1940. Approximately 3,500 members of the Polish intelligentsia were executed at the mass murder sites in near Warsaw, , Wincentynów near , and in the forest near.
Among those killed in the massacre were , former Polish prime minister , , and. Further information: Among those killed were , , , , and. Among the most notable mass executions of Polish professors was the , in which approximately 45 professors of the university in were murdered together with their families and guests. As the result of this operation 60,000 , teachers, entrepreneurs, social workers, priests, judges and political activists were killed in 10 regional actions. It was called Operation , a plan to eliminate Poland's intelligentsia and leadership in the western part of the country, realized by and.
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